Last edited by Mugami
Saturday, April 18, 2020 | History

1 edition of Female circumcision, excision, and infibulation found in the catalog.

Female circumcision, excision, and infibulation

Female circumcision, excision, and infibulation

the facts and proposals for change

by

  • 194 Want to read
  • 23 Currently reading

Published by Minority Rights Group in London .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Africa.,
  • Middle East.
    • Subjects:
    • Female circumcision -- Africa.,
    • Clitoridectomy -- Africa.,
    • Infibulation -- Africa.,
    • Sex customs -- Africa.,
    • Female circumcision -- Middle East.,
    • Clitoridectomy -- Middle East.,
    • Infibulation -- Middle East.,
    • Sex customs -- Middle East.

    • Edition Notes

      Statementedited by Scilla McLean and Stella Efua Graham ; with contributions from Marie Assad ... [et al.].
      SeriesThe Minority Rights Group report ;, no. 47, Report (Minority Rights Group) ;, no. 47.
      ContributionsElworthy, Scilla., Dorkenoo, Efua., Assaad, Marie., Minority Rights Group.
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsGN484 .F44 1985
      The Physical Object
      Pagination21 p. :
      Number of Pages21
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL1580681M
      LC Control Number91103650

      The present book which basically concerns the existence and distribution of female infibulation takes up this challenge." --Aud Talle, The Journal of the Royal Anthropological Institute "Hick's thesis is a powerful one An informative and analytical discussion about infibulation, past, present and future.".


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Female circumcision, excision, and infibulation Download PDF EPUB FB2

Female Circumcision, Excision and Infibulation: The Facts and Proposals for Change [McLean, Scilla, Graham, Stella Efua] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Female Circumcision, Excision and Infibulation: The Facts and Proposals for ChangeAuthor: Scilla McLean.

In The Female Circumcision Controversy, Ellen Gruenbaum points out that Western outrage and Western efforts to stop genital mutilation often provoke a strong backlash from people in the countries where the practice is common. She looks at the validity of Western arguments against the by: of 85 results for Books: "Female circumcision - Fiction." Skip to main search results Amazon Prime.

Female Genital Mutilation and the Sexual Blinding of Women. by Alice Walker and Pratibha Parmar African and African American Writing on Female Genital Excision, – (Women in Africa and the Diaspora) by Elisabeth Bekers. Get this from a library. Female genital mutilation, excision and infibulation: a bibliography.

[Lilian Passmore Sanderson]. Female Genital Mutilation and the Influence of Traditional Cultural Practices Against Women: Experience From Ibibio, Akwa Ibom State of Nigeria: /ch Female circumcision is central to African traditional religion and entails transgression of fundamental rights. However, the rationale for female circumcision.

Introduction: Worldwide, an estimated million girls and women have undergone female genital mutilation. At least two million women a year are "at & excision, except in areas bordering And infibulation book & Somalia, where infibulation is practiced Gambia % avg.

; excision, infibulation (small %) almost %, the Fula and Sarah uli women Female circumcision Clitoridectomy, female circumcision and infibulation have no medical justification. They are mere genital mutilation.

As such, they violate the principle of autonomy and respect for persons. Accordingly, any culture that condones, any family that demands, and File Size: 33KB. 2 Young Somali Sisters Die After Undergoing Female Genital Mutilation: Goats and Soda The girls were ages 10 and 11 and lived in Somalia, which has the highest rate of FGM in the world.

Though people who undergo clitoridectomies, excision or infibulation can (and often do) still experience some amount of sexual pleasure, a majority Author: Jenny Kutner. Contrary to the facile correlation of Islam and female circumcision evidenced in Esther K.

Hicks's Infibulation: Female Mutilation in Islamic Northeast Africa (), extensive ethnographic studies and demographic reports have demonstrated that people across religious affiliations share the notion that female circumcision is an act of.

Infibulation, or pharaonic circumcision with excision of the clitoris, labia minora, and two thirds of the labia majora, is the most dramatic procedure and that associated with the most short- and long-term complications. The raw vulvar edges are reapproximated with suture or twigs, leaving a small posterior hole for efflux of urine and menses.

Get this from a library. Female circumcision, excision, and infibulation: the facts and Female circumcision for change. [Scilla Elworthy; Excision Assaad; Minority Rights Group.;]. BOX 1. TYPES OF FEMALE GENITAL MUTILATION Type 1 – Clitoridectomy: partial or total removal of the clitoris (a small, and infibulation book and erectile part of the female genitals) and/or in very rare cases only, the prepuce (the fold of skin surrounding the clitoris).

Type 2 – Excision: partial or total removal of the clitoris and the labia minora. Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C), 4 J. S EX M ED.() (finding that a vast majority of women that have undergone FGR of all types, even those that have been 94 JOURNAL OF Author: Obiajulu Nnamuchi.

Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual removal of some or all of the external female genitalia. UNICEF estimated in that million women had undergone the procedures in 27 countries in Africa, as well as in Indonesia, Iraqi Kurdistan and Yemen, with a rate of 80–98 percent within the 15–49 age group in Djibouti.

Additional Physical Format: Online version: Female circumcision, excision, and infibulation. London: Minority Rights Group, (OCoLC) excision of the outer labia • Type III –Infibulation • Narrowing of the vaginal opening by creating a covering seal • Type IV –Other • Female Genital Mutilation is added as a definition of abuse under the Child Maltreatment Act, Arkansas Code §(3)(A) (6).

Female genital cutting (FGC), the current preferred term in the international community for the practice also known as female circumcision or female genital mutilation, is practiced in countries throughout the Middle East and Africa and in some Muslim societies of Southeast Asia.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) consists of clitoridectomy (partial or total removal of the clitoris and/or the labia minora) or infibulation (total removal of the clitoris, partial or total removal of the labia minora, and incisions in the labia majora).

FGM is a cultural, not religious, tradition which is used to prepare girls. Introduction. Female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C) includes all procedures that involve intentional removal (either partial or total) of external female genitalia for nonmedical reasons and without health benefits.

1 This practice violates a series of human right principles, and may cause several immediate and long-term consequences. 1 Despite the implementation of laws prohibiting this Cited by: 2. (also known as female circumcision, female genital mutilation, and female genital excision) Female genital cutting refers to all procedures involving partial or total removal of female genitalia or other injury to female genital organs for any cultural, religious or.

Female Circumsion, Excision and Infibulation: The Facts and Proposals for Change Sisters in Afflication is the first book by a woman from the Horn of Africa to deal with female circumcision & infibulation, ready for immediate despatch from UK.

40E. sheds light on the FGC sexual response controversy; and suggests a framework for. Female genital mutilation (FGM), also known as female genital cutting and female circumcision, is the ritual cutting or removal of some or all of the external female practice is found in Africa, Asia and the Middle East, and within communities from countries in which FGM is : Africa, Southeast Asia, Middle East, and.

Get this from a library. Female genital mutilation: proposals for change. [Efua Dorkenoo; Scilla Elworthy] -- Rev. of: Female circumcision, excision, and infibulation / edited by Scilla McLean and Stella Efua Graham.

2nd rev. "With this new edition, Efua Dorkenoo has undertaken a major. The traditional practice of female genital mutilation or cutting (FGM/C) covers a range of procedures (clitoridectomy, excision, infibulation, and other) performed on the genitals of females of different ages.

This systematic review aimed to summarize empirical quantitative research describing the gynecological consequences of FGM/C on girls and by: 4. Female genital cutting or mutilation (FGM) sometimes called female circumcision is a practice which is thought to have existed for thousands of years (1) is most commonly practised in countries in northern sub-Saharan Africa; in the Sahel region, in the horn of Africa and Egypt, but it is also found outside Africa e.g.

amongst women and families migrating to European countries and the US from. Female genital mutilation (FGM), also termed as female cutting or female circumcision, is one type of genital mutilation and is defined by the World Health Organization (WHO, ) as “all procedures involving partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs for non medical reasons” (p.

The book's authors repeatedly allude to critics who have inquired into the basis for ignoring male circumcision while opposing even a ceremonial nick of female genitalia. Increasing trends away from traditional practitioners and toward medicalization of FGC Cited by: During the First Study Conference on Genital Mutilation of Girls in Europe organized by the Foundation for Women's Health Research and Development in Julydefines genital mutilation as the "removal of, or injury to, any part of female genital organ which the conference defines as a violation of the basic human rights of the girl-child Author: Kontoyannis Maria.

Female genital mutilation (FGM), traditionally known as female circumcision (FC), is a surgically unnecessary modification of the female genitalia, practiced in 28 nations in the African continent, in a few countries in the Arab Peninsula, among some communities in Asia, and among immigrants and refugees from these areas who have settled in Europe, Australia, and North America.

Efua Dorkenoo, OBE (6 September – 18 October ), affectionately known as "Mama Efua", was a Ghanaian -British campaigner against female genital mutilation (FGM) who pioneered the global movement to end the practice and worked internationally for more than 30 years to see the campaign "move from a problem lacking in.

A person is guilty of female genital mutilation when any of the following occur: (1) The person knowingly circumcises, excises, or infibulates the whole or any part of the labia majora, labia minora, or clitoris of a female minor. (2) The parent, guardian, or other person legally responsible or charged with the care or custody of a female minor allows the circumcision, excision, or.

Infibulation is the most extreme form of female circumcision. It plays an important role in the Islamic societies of northeastern Africa. Until now, the social significance and function of this practice has been poorly understood. This has been no less true of Western commentators who have condemned the practice than of relevant governments that have attempted to curb it.

Different Forms Of Female Genital Mutilation. cision/Sunna: is the mildest form of female genital mutilation. It entails the cutting of parts of the prepuce. It is the only type that is analogous to male circumcision and is classified by World Health Organisation as type 1.

idectomy: This is the second type classified by WHO as. The fatwa then recommended to the Islamic community that female circumcision is a duty, and the responsibility of female circumcision lies with the guardian of the girl.

[6] [7] ^ Khallaf, 'Abd-al-Wahhab: Khitan al-banat, in 'Abd-al-Raziq: Abu-Bakr: Al-khitan, ra'y ad-din wal-'ilm fi khitan al-awlad wal-banat, Dar Al-i'tissam, Cairo, Female genital mutilation (FGM) is highly prevalent in Sudan.

According to a Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey, 87 percent of women aged 15–49 had experienced it. Most FGM in Sudan (77 percent) is performed by traditional circumcisers (such as a midwife) without anaesthesia or antibiotics.

This unique book will assist those who care for women and girls who have had, or are at risk of having female genital mutilation. It focuses on caring for both physical and mental needs of the vulnerable or suffering and maintains an understanding, holistic and objective approach to the current situation.

It contains colour plates, illustrations, photos and graphs. The essence of what is misleadingly called “female circumcision” is that it is done for the express purpose of asserting that girls are not in control of their own bodies and their own sexuality.

The procedure is an explicit and concrete marker to. Infibulation is the ritual removal of the external female genitalia and the suturing of the vulva, a practice found mainly in northeastern Africa, particularly in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, and Sudan.

The World Health Organization refers to the procedure as Type III female genital lation can also refer to placing a clasp through the foreskin in men. So-called female circumcision, in the form of excision of the labia minora and clitoris (clitoridectomy) aimed at destroying sexual sensation, is known in Islam (although it is a cultural, not a religious practice) and in certain societies of Africa, South America, and elsewhere.

Female genital mutilation (FGM) comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injury to the female genital organs for non-medical reasons.

Hmmm, I see that those words are used in the infobox (although the text quoted in the infobox is missing the comma), with the same reference.(Galatians ) Hence, daughters of Christians are certainly not required to undergo either excision or infibulation.

Is female circumcision, then, merely a matter of conscience? Well, some governments have banned it. In those lands Christians should obey the law and not circumcise their daughters.The practice of female genital mutilation (FGM) is no longer confined to African countries where still every year 2 million girls at a young age are currently subjected to surgical ablation of parts of their external genital organs.

are regularly confronted not only with the sequelae of excision and infibulation but also with parents Cited by: